Different types of mussels

There exists a large range of mussel species produced or fished around the world. The main species produced are the European mussels Mytiluss edulis, the Mediterranean mussels: Mytilus galloprovencialis, the New Zealand green mussel: Perna canaliculus, the Chilean pacific mussel: Mytilus chilensis. The majority of 1.8 million tonnes of mussels consumed around the world are farmed, with less than 10% of total stock supplied by fisheries. Europe is the world largest producer with an annual production of around 730 000 tones followed by China 680 000 T.

World mussel capture and production: Source FAO

Country 1985 1990 1995 2000 2004
Europe 620.1 593.0 623.8 735.5 732.8
China 128.8 495.9 415.2 534.5 683.2
Thailand 69.0 83.5 75.5 130.0 89.5
New Zealand 10.9 24.0 62.7 80.5 80.1
Chile 18.3 19.5 17.7 35.0 63.6
Canada 0.9 6.5 13.1 21.7 20.6
Korea Rep 58.0 30.8 82.0 18.6 19.0
Philippines 26.1 19.7 15.2 17.0 13.5
USA 15.8 17.9 13.6 9.0 11.0
Peru 4.7 16.5 11.2 13.2 10.4
Turkey 2.1 6.3 6.2 1.5 8.9
Australia 1.4 2.7 1.1 2.0 2.9
Ex USSR 4.9 2.3 1.9 0.5 0.1
Others 0.5 15.4 13.8 33.4 40.2
Total 961.5 1334.0 1353.0 1632.6 1775.8
Mytilus galloprovincialis

Mytilus galloprovincialis

Mytilus edulis

Mytilus edulis

Modiolus modiolus

Modiolus modiolus

Perna canaliculus

Perna canaliculus

Mytilus chilensis

Mytilus chilensis